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全国2005年1月高等教育自学考试基础英语试题
发布日期:2012-10-05 10:41 来源: 阅读: 【字体:

 

一、词汇应用和语法结构(每小题1分,共30分)
(一)词汇应用(15分)
选择最佳答案完成句子
1.Have you (    ) your shopping yet?
A. made      
B. done
C. got      
D. taken

2.The ability to (    ) a good account of oneself is very important for certain jobs.
A. give      
B. tell
C. describe     
D. say

3.The fax is perhaps the most useful machine to be (    ) since the telephone.
A. made      
B. discovered
C. created     
D. invented

4.It will (    ) time if we make the sandwiches the day before the picnic.
A. earn      
B. spare
C. lower      
D. save

5.(    ) had we entered the room when the telephone rang.
A. Almost      
B. Nearly
C. Hardly      
D. Just

6.The damaged car is obviously (    ) repair.
A. beyond     
B. within
C. without     
D. against

7.You must obtain (    ) from the landowner to fish in this river.
A. permit      
B. freedom
C. permission     
D. allowance

8.The (    ) of ice-cream sold increases sharply in the summer months.
A. size      
B. amount
C. count      
D. number
9.When we’d made up our minds what to eat, the waiter came and took our (    )
A. list      
B. decision
C. order      
D. choice

10.I think there’s a train at 10∶40,but you’d better (    ) sure.
A. make      
B. get
C. take      
D. be

11.You must pay import (    ) on certain goods brought into this country.
A. fees      
B. tax
C. duties     
D. charge

12.Smoking (    ) you more harm than good.
A. finds     
B. makes
C. does     
D. takes

13.It doesn’t (    ) if you turn left or right —— both roads lead to the park.
A. matter     
B. miss
C. do     
D. go

14.(    ) of money prevented us from taking a holiday this year.
A. Limit     
B. Expense
C. Emptiness    
D. Lack

15.That shop doesn’t have any brown sugar in (    ) at the moment.
A. keep     
B. stock
C. sale     
D. demand

(二)语法结构(15分)
选择最佳答案完成句子
16.In a shop (    ) customers.
A. it is important pleasing   
B. it is important to please
C. there is important pleasing   
D. there is important to please

17.Take it easy. You’ve been working too (    )
A. hardly       
B. harder
C. hard       
D. hardest

18.While I was standing in the bank, I met an old friend Sally, whom I (    ) for some time.
A. did not      
B. had not seen
C. have not seen     
D. has not seen

19.“I’d like to buy a video camera. ”
“Well, we have several models (    ).”
A. to be chosen     
B. for choosing
C. choose from     
D. to choose from

20.You’d better (    ) her the bad news.
A. not to tell       
B. not tell
C. not telling      
D. to choose from

21.She regretted paying (    ) for the bookcase.
A. as twice much     
B. much as twice
C. as much twice     
D. twice as much

22.His house, (    ) he bought for $10,000 ten years ago,is now worth $35,000.
A. which       
B. that
C. when       
D. to which

23.we can’t afford (    ) the chance.
A. losing       
B. to lose
C. to have lost      
D. having lost
24.I (    ) telephoned you if I had known your number.
A. had       
B. would have
C. would       
D. have

25.Phonetics (    ) the science of speech sounds.
A. is       
B. are
C. was      
D. were

26.I don’t know what made him (    ) his mind.
A. change     
B. changing
C. to change     
D. changed

27.“Which one would you choose?”
“(    ).They are both terrible.”
A. Neither     
B. Both
C. One of them    
D. None of them

28.It was (    ) that we had to ask for help.
A. so big a work    
B. so big job
C. such a big job    
D. such a big work

29.Tom was told not to eat too many sweets, because they were harmful (    ) his teeth.
A. at       
B. in
C. to       
D. for

30.Rarely (    ) such a silly thing.
A. have I heard of     
B. I have heard of
C. have I been heard of    
D. I have heard

二、改错(每小题1分,共10分)
下面句子中有A,B,C,D四个划底线部分,其中有一个是错误的,选出错误部分的选项字母,无需改正错误。
31.Men and machines made the wood into paper, that had to be packaged and carried by trucks.
A      B   C     D
32.Even a very simple thing as a piece of paper has a long story behind it.
A       B         C     D
33.They made a profit of 10 cents on every article be sold.
A     B  C      D
34.Each manufacturer strove to make his produce better than his competitors.
A    B                C    D
35.Doctors agrees that it is probably the biggest single cause of illness in the western world.
A    B         C         D
36.Only by invisible exports Britain is able to withstand a large trade gap on visible trade of
A   B       C        D
predominance.
37.The UPC computerized system will probably save as many as 45 percent of the
A          B           C
checkout clerk’s time.
D
38.It is generally considered impolitely to keep silence at formal dinner.
A    B    C           D
39.Despite of the widespread early use of wool and linen, cotton is the most important source of
A          B                          C
man’s clothing.
D
40.Little people understand what direct taxation and indirect taxation mean.
A    B                 C     D
三、完形填空(每小题1分,共15分)
每空提供四个选择项,选择最佳答案填空。
Australia lies    41    the Southern Hemisphere. Winter comes in July and Summer
  42   December. School children   42   spend their Christmas   44   sunbathing on the beach or swimming in the ocean.
The one third of   45   that lies north of the Tropic of Capricorn has tropical
  46  .Darwin on the north coast has   47   average temperature around 80 degrees Fahrenheit.
The rest of Australia   48   a moderate climate. Summers are   49   hot and winters mild. Winters   50   often warm enough for   51   to enjoy tennis, lawn bowing, and even surf-riding. It is warm   52   during the winter for cattle and sheep   53   stay outdoors, so the farmer   54   not have the expense of building barns to shelter his   55  .
41.A. at         B. in   C. on   D. to
42.A. on  B. in   C. at   D. for
43.A. usual  B. forever  C. very   D. often
44.A. eve  B. holidays  C. morning  D. afternoon
45.A. Australian B. Austria  C. Austrian  D. Australia
46.A. climate  B. temperatures         C. attitude  D. temper
47.A. the  B. a   C. an   D. and
48.A. had  B. have   C. has   D. having
49.A. generally         B. general         C. about         D. of
50.A. is  B. have   C. was   D. are
51.A. people  B. person  C. Australians  D. fellow
52.A. very  B. pretty  C. enough  D. much
53.A. in  B. to   C. with   D. at
54.A. do  B. did   C. doing         D. does
55.A. people  B. animals  C. family  D. home

四、阅读理解(每小题2分,共20分)
本部分有两篇短文,每篇短文后有五个问题,每个问题有四个供选择的答案。请选择一个最佳答案。
Passage 1
There are many aspects of the women’s liberation movement. Some women agree with all of the goals of women’s liberation. They want full equality with men in every aspect of life. In marriage, they want husbands and wives to share all of the work and responsibilities of a home and family. In work, they want women and men to have the same jobs and the same chance to succeed. They want women to be paid just as much as men are for the same work. Other women agree with some of the ideas of women’s liberation. They want the same pay if they hold the same job as a man. At home, however, they do not expect their husbands to share in the cleaning, cooking, and other household jobs.
It is important to remember that the women’s liberation movement is not concerned only with concrete issues. The movement is also concerned with attitudes and beliefs. One example of this concern is the issue of a woman’s identity. A woman’s identity is what she thinks of herself as a person, who she thinks she is, and what she thinks she can do. Some women do not think they are capable of doing anything important. The women’s liberation movement would like to help these women improve their view of themselves. Many women who are concerned with women’s liberation have taken jobs, have helped with others, have raised healthy children, and have done many other things to contribute to their communities. They have shown that they are capable of being good leaders and of doing many important things.
56.What is NOT the goal of women’s liberation?
A. Full equality with men in every aspect of life.
B. Sharing of all work and responsibilities of a home.
C. Women to be paid as much as men.
D. Husbands to pay bills of a family.

57.Some women (    ).
A. agree with some of the ideas of women’s liberation
B. disagree with the idea of men’s liberation
C. want more pay than men
D. don’t want to work

58.The women’s liberation movement (    ).
A. is concerned only with concrete problems
B. is concerned with attitudes and beliefs
C. would help women improve their standards of living
D. would help women get jobs

59.A woman’s identity includes the following EXCEPT (    ).
A. what she thinks of herself as a person
B. who she thinks she is
C. what she thinks she can do
D. what kind of chores she does in a family

60.What contributions have women made to their communities?
A. They have taken jobs.    
B. They have raised healthy children.
C. They have helped others.   
D. All the above

Passage 2
More than 30,000 drivers and front seat passengers are killed or seriously injured each year. At a speed of only 30 miles per hour it is the same as falling from a third floor window. Wearing a seat belt saves lives; it reduces your chance of death or serious injury by more than half.
Therefore drivers or front seat passengers over 14 in most vehicles must wear a seat belt. If you do not, you could be fined(罚款) up to $50.It will not be up to the drivers to make sure you wear your belt. But it will be the drivers’ responsibility to make sure that children under 14 do not ride in the front unless they are wearing a seat belt of some kind.
However, you do not have to wear a seat belt if you are reversing(倒退) your vehicle; or you are making a local delivery or collection using a special vehicle or if you have a valid(有效的)medical certificate which excuses(允许) you from wearing it. Make sure these circumstances(情况) apply to you before you decide not to wear your seat belt. Remember you may be taken to court(法庭) for not doing so, and you may be fined if you cannot prove to the court that you have been excused from wearing it.
61.This text is taken from (    ).
A. a medical magazine    
B. a government report
C. a legal document     
D. a government information booklet

62.Wearing a seat belt in a vehicle (    ).
A. reduces road accidents by more than half
B. saves lives while driving at a speed up to 30 miles per hour
C. reduces the death rate in traffic accidents
D. saves more than 15,000 lives each year

63.It is the driver’s responsibility to (    ).
A. make the front seat passenger wear a seat belt
B. make the front seat children under 14 wear a seat belt
C. stop children riding in the front seat
D. wear a seat belt each time he drives

64.According to the text, which of the following people riding in the front does not have to wear a seat belt?
A. Someone who is backing into a parking space.
B. Someone who is picking up the children from the local school.
C. Someone who is delivering invitation letters.
D. Someone who is under 14.

65.For some people, it may be better (    ).
A. to wear a seat belt for health reasons
B. not to wear a seat belt for health reasons
C. to get a valid medical certificate before wearing a seat belt
D. to pay a fine rather than wear a seat belt

五、单词或短语的英汉互译(每小题1分,共10分)
(一)将下列词语译成中文(5分)
66.raw materials
67.outlying rural areas
68.the Bureau of International Commerce
69.interdependence
70.surplus

(二)将下列词语译成英文(5分)
71.生活及工作条件
72.食品杂货店
73.消费者需求
74.间接税
75.通货膨胀

六、英汉句子互译(共15分)
(一)将下列句子译成中文(8分)
76.He considered the introduction and absorption of innovational advances to be the mainspring of the major fluctuations of a modern economy.(4分)
77.Indeed,to many the very phrase “monopolistic competition” will seem self-contradictory—a juggling of words.(4分)
(二)将下列句子译成英文(7分)
78.经济学家对如何生产和使用商品及财富十分了解。(4分)
79.这条法律使消费者免遭劣质产品的欺骗。(3分)

 

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