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2004年1月高等教育自学考试基础英语试题
发布日期:2012-10-05 10:39 来源: 阅读: 【字体:

 

一、单词或短语的英汉互译(共10分)
1、将下列词语译成中文(5分)
(1) standardized containers     
(2) target audiences
(3) compensation trade     
(4) determinants
(5) mass-production

2、 将下列词语译成英文(5分)
(6)总的生产规模      
(7)一次装运
(8)重置费用       
(9)可靠性
(10)投保人
二、词汇应用和语法结构(共30分)
(一)词汇应用(15分)
选择最佳答案完成句子
1.The spy ______ on the message to his contact in Washington D. C.
 A. held     
 B. laid
 C. passed     
 D. put

2.Although he was neat and well-dressed, he was slightly unattractive in ______.
 A. outlook      
 B. appearance
 C. look      
 D. expression


3.She felt______ because of the cold grey weather and the after-effects of influenza.
 A. depressed     
 B. deprived
 C. disgusted     
 D. bored

4.Income tax rates are______ to one’s annual income.
 A. related     
 B. dependent
 C. associated     
 D. based

5.He ate what he could and gave the ______ of the food to the birds.
 A. remain     
 B. waste
 C. part      
 D. rest

6.It’s ______my power to make a final decision on this important matter.
 A. off      
 B. beyond
 C. above     
 D. outside

7.Be sure to ______ your work at the end of the exam.
 A. look over     
 B. hang up
 C. set aside     
 D. catch sight of

8.I remember seeing him some years ago, but I don’t ______ where it was.
 A. remind     
 B. recognize
 C. recall      
 D. memorize

9.The heat and the lack of water in the desert made the earth ______.
 A. band       
 B. crack
 C. crane       
 D. crash

10.It is known to us that oxygen is ______life.
 A. typical      
 B. essential to
 C. dependent on     
 D. responsible to

11.The judge said he was ______ by the excellent performance of the riders.
 A. impressed      
 B. excited
 C. imposed      
 D. touched

12.He was at the ______ of his career when he was killed in an accident.
 A. advance      
 B. bloom
 C. peak       
 D. extreme

13.During the ______ audience strolled and chatted in the foyer.
 A. rest       
 B. pause
 C. interruption     
 D. interval

14.There are few scientific and technical books that are not ______at our university library.
 A. available      
 B. bought
 C. determined     
 D. valuable

15.Melting snow ______ the regular spring floods in this area.
 A. counts on      
 B. counts for
 C. accounts for     
 D. accounts of

(二)语法结构(15分)选择最佳答案完成句子
16.How the ______fascinated the reader of the novel.
 A. crime solved the detective    
 B. detective solved the crime
 C. crime         
 D. crime solved

17.Failures, which ______ with courage, will become the mother of success.
 A. is faced up to     
 B. is facing up to
 C. are faced up to     
 D. are facing up to

18.You shouldn’t be satisfied with ______ you have achieved in the experiment.
 A. which    
 B. what
 C. those    
 D. that

19.No sooner ______ than a suspicious object was reported to have been found.
 A. had the plane taken off  
 B. the plane had taken off
 C. did the plane take off  
 D. took off the plane

20.______has been appointed director is no longer a secret to people in the department.
 A. Whether he      
 B. That he
 C. If he       
 D. He

21.______advanced the agriculture is, a country’s economy depends mainly on the development of science and technology.
 A. Whatever    
 B. However
 C. No matter    
 D. Even though

22.Only after the survey, ______ the smokers’ living habit.
 A. we could know   
 B. do we know
 C. have we known   
 D. can we know

23.The book ______, they feel so relieved.
 A. is finished now    
 B. has been finished
 C. now is being finished  
 D. being finished

24.The newspaper boy must deliver the newspaper no matter ______ difficulties he met with.
 A. how     
 B. which
 C. what     
 D. whatever

25.The classroom is empty. I think the student ______ to the laboratory.
 A. must have gone    
 B. ought to have gone
 C. should have gone   
 D. can have gone

26.The boy was very frightened ______ he gave his watch to the gangsters.
 A. because     
 B. and
 C. that      
 D. but

27.Man differs most from all the other animals ______the former has the ability to learn and use language.
 A. in that     
 B. in which
 C. so that     
 D. that

28.In her writing, Elinor Wylie often dealt with her own personality as it was, rather than______.
 A. it was defined by others   
 B. its definition by others
 C. others definitions    
 D. as others defined it

29.Isn’t it about the time you______ to do morning exercises?
 A. began     
 B. begin
 C. should begin    
 D. have begun

30.I don’t think it advisable that he ______to the job since he has no experience.
 A. be assigned    
 B. will be assigned
 C. is assigned    
 D. has been assigned

三、改错(共10分)
下面句子中有A, B, C, D四个划底线部分,其中有一个是错误的,选出错误部分的字母,无需改正错误。
1.Please give me little coffee and some donuts if you have any left.
A    B    C    D
2. In order to improve our condition, this new scheme must be adapted.            A    B   C     D
3.If only he signs this receipt, I will pay him the money.
A    B  C    D
4.Be sure to not forget some soft drinks at the party for those who do not or cannot drink alcohol.
A             B                   C           D
5.A child begins to believe there  is nothing strange about  fights,  killings and other kind of
  A           B                      C           D
 violence.
6.The mother asked her five-year-old boy to hold noto her hand while they making  their way
A             B                   C
through the crowd in the rush hours.
D
7.The rain having stopped, we all went out to breathe in the fresh air and enjoy the bright sunshine.
A            B        C                   D
8.Nobody  knew  anything about  the aircraft crash happened last night during that storm ,
A                 B                           C
didn’t they?
D
9.She  has  already  left for Japan.  If  only  she can come  to  my  wedding ceremony
A                     B                     C
the day after tomorrow.
D
10.When she read the novel, she couldn’t help thinking about the time as she lived together with
A              B             C
these brave pioneers.
D
四、完形填空(共15分)
(一)每空提供四个选择项,选择最佳答案填空。(5分)
I once knew a professor whose memory was very bad. He was so ___1___ that he sometimes forgot what he was talking about___2___ a sentence. His wife had to constantly ___3___ him about his classes, his meetings, even his meals! One hot summer day, the professor decided to___4___ his children to a seaside town, which was about ___5___ train ride away. ___6___ the trip more interesting for his young children, he kept the name of the town a secret. Unfortunately, by the time they had arrived at the railway station, the poor man had forgotten the name of the town himself. ___7___ a friend of his happened to be at the station. His friend ___8___ to take care of the children while he went back home to find out where he was going.
The professor’s wife was surprised to see him back so soon, but she was amused when she heard what the matter was. She wrote the name of the town on a piece of paper and ___9___ again. But ten minutes later, the professor returned home and said. “I’m sorry. I can’t remember the ___10___ where I left our children!”
1. A. red-handed    B. cold-blooded
   C. kind-hearted    D. absent-minded

2. A. in the midst of           B. in the middle of
   C. in the centre of           D. among

3. A. recall     B. remind
   C. repeat     D. remember

4. A. take     B. bring
   C. company     D. be with

5. A. a three hour    B. a three-hour
   C. a three-hours    D. a three-hours’

6. A. Making     B. Being made
   C. Make             D. To make

7. A. Likely     B. Luckily
   C. Immediately            D. Unfortunately

8. A. refused     B. hurried
   C. offered     D. forgot

9. A. send off him    B. send him off
   C. sent off him            D. sent him off

10.A. reason     B. time
   C. person     D. place

(二)从所给词汇中为每空选择一个适当的词。有必要时,改变其形式。(10分)
off,  down,  heroes,  scores,  players,  interviews, switch,
match,  crowd,  scream,  muscles,   stupid,  black,  lawn
Why do people play football? It’s a ___11___ game, and dangerous too. Twenty-two men fight for two hours to kick a ball into a net. They get more ___12___ eyes than goals. On dry, hard pitches they break their bones. On muddy ones they sprain their ___13___. Footballers must be mad. And why do people watch football? They must be mad too. They certainly shout and ___14___ like madmen. In fact I’m afraid to go out when there’s a football match. The ___15___ are so dangerous. I’d rather stay at home and watch TV. But what happens when I ___16___ on? They’re showing a football match. So I turn on the radio. What do I hear? The latest football___17___. And what do I see when I open a newspaper? Photos of footballers, ___18___ with footballers, reports of football matches. Footballers are the ___19___ of the twentieth century. They’re rich and famous. Why? Because they can kick a ball around. How stupid! Everyone seems to be mad about football, but I’m not. ___20___ with football, I say.

五、阅读理解(共20分)
本部分有两篇短文,每篇短文后有五个问题,每个问题有四个供选择的答案。请选择一个最佳答案。
Passage 1
In 1909 an English newspaper offered 1,000 pounds to the first man to fly across the English Channel in an aeroplane. Today, modern jets cross it in minutes. But at that time it still seemed a good distance. The race to win the money soon became a race between two men. Both were very colourful.
One was Louis Bleriot. He owned a factory in France that made motorcar lamps. He was already well known as a pilot because he had crashed several times. Some people laughed at him. One man said, “He may not be the first to fly across the Channel but he will certainly be the first to die in a crash! ” But Bleriot was really a good and brave pilot. He also had many good ideas about aeroplane design.
The other man was Hubert Latham. He was half French and half English. He took up flying when his doctors told him he had only a year to live. “Oh, well,” he said, “if I’m going to die soon, I think I shall have a dangerous and interesting life now. ” Latham was the first to try the flight across the Channel. Ten kilometres from the French coast, his plane had engine trouble. It crashed into the water and began to sink under the water. A boat reached Latham just in time. He was sitting calmly on the wing and was coolly lighting a cigarette. Bleriot took off 6 days later. He flew into some very bad weather and very low cloud. He somehow got to the English side and landed in a farmer’s field. When he did so, a customs officer rushed up to his plane. Planes have changed since then, but customs officers have not. “Have you anything to declare?” the officer demanded.
1.This story took place______.
 A. in the early 20th century   B. in the 19th century
 C. right after World War I   D. at a time not mentioned in the passage

2.“A good distance” here means ______.
 A. “a fairly long distance”  B. “a distance shorter than people thought”
 C.“an easy flying distance”  D. “a comfortable distance”

3.Why did Hubert Latham want to fly across the Channel?
 A. He thought he could manage it easily.   B. He wanted to compete with Louis Bleriot.
 C. He knew he would die in a year.   D. He had always been interested in flying.

4. Why did the customs officer rush to the plane?
A. To see if everything was all right with the plane.
B. To make sure that the pilot was not hurt.
C. To ask why the plane had landed in a farmer’s field.
D. To perform his usual duty.

5. “Do you have anything to declare?” means ______.
A.“Do you want to help?”
B.“Is there anything wrong?”
C.“Have you brought anything on which custom duties must be paid?”
D.“Do you have anything to say to the public?”

Passage 2
Today, supermarkets are found in almost every large city in the world. But the first supermarket was opened only fifty years ago. It was opened in New York by a man named Michael Cullen.
A supermarket is different from other types of stores in several ways. In supermarkets, goods are placed on open shelves. The customers choose what they want and take them to the check-out counter. This means that fewer employees are required than in other stores. The way products are displayed is another difference between supermarkets and many other types of stores. For example, in supermarkets there is usually a display of small inexpensive items just in front of the check-out counter: candies, chocolate, magazines, cheap books and so on. Why are they there?
Most customers who go to a supermarket buy from a shopping list. They know exactly what they need to buy. They shop according to a plan. By the time he or she reaches the check-out counter, the customer is feeling pleased and relaxed because the task of shopping is finished. In this happy mood, the customer sees an attractive display of inexpensive goods that were not on his or her shopping list. Now he or she feels like buying something just for his or her own pleasure and enjoyment. Many customers buy from these displays of products near the check-out counter, and this is exactly what the owner of the supermarket hopes they will do.
Another important fact in helping a customer choose what to buy is where a product is placed on a shelf. A product that is placed at eye level on a shelf sells much better than one which is placed on a lower or higher shelf. A product which is easy to see sells best. Manufacturers pay a higher price to have their products placed at eye level on the shelves.
The comfort and convenience of shopping centers is another factor which makes them popular with customers. Large parking spaces are provided, and many supermarkets stay open until very late at night.

6. According to the passage, which statement is NOT true?
A. Today supermarkets are found in almost every big city.
B. The first supermarket was opened only half a century ago.
C. The first supermarket was opened in New York.
D. A supermarket is different from other kinds of stores in two ways.

7.According to the passage, which statement is TRUE?
A. Supermarkets need more clerks than other stores.
B. In supermarkets goods are placed on closed shelves.
C. The customers prefer supermarkets to other kinds of stores.
D. The customers pay any clerk they meet for what they have bought in supermarkets.

8. A product that is placed ______ sells best.
 A. on a lower shelf
 B. on a higher shelf
 C. as high as one’s waist
 D. as high as one’s eyes

9. Why do you think shopping centers attract more customers than other kinds of stores?
 A. They have more kinds of goods.
 B. They have few employees.
 C. They display small inexpensive items in front of check-out counters.
 D. They have large parking lots and they stay open until almost midnight.

10.According to the way small inexpensive items are displayed we can infer that the owner of a supermarket has a good knowledge of ______.
 A. physiology     B. psychology
 C. biology     D. biophysics

六、英汉句子互译(共15分)
1、将下列句子译成中文
(1)Foreign customers purchased a rising proportion of Japanese goods because these represented good buys in terms of price and quality.(4分)
(2)Iron in its natural state is combined with rock or other impurities, and it is then called iron ore.(4分)
2、将下列句子译成英文
(1)旅游业、金融业、运输业等被称为服务性行业。(4分)
(2)贸易公司为占有欧洲市场而互相竞争。(3分)

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