您当前位置:陕西自考网 > 自考题库 > 文学类 > 浏览文章
全国2009年7月自学考试《综合英语(一)》试题
发布日期:2012-10-05 13:56 来源: 阅读: 【字体:

 

请将答案填在答题纸相应的位置上

  I.语法和词汇。从A、B、C、D四个选项中选出一个最佳答案,并将所选答案的字母写在答 题纸相应的位置上。(本大题共20小题,每小题1分,共20分)

  1. Experienced teachers make ______ mistakes than beginners.

  A. lesser B. fewer

  C. not many D. very few

  2. There were 30 students and ______ of them passed the exam.

  A. every B. every one

  C. everyone D. everybody

  3.The last half of the nineteenth century ______ the steady improvement in the means of travel.

  A. has witnessed B. was witnessed

  C. witnessed D. is witnessed

  4. The fifth generation computers, with artificial intelligence, ______ and perfected now.

  A. developed B. have developed

  C. are being developed D. will have been developed

  5. It's reported that by the end of this month the output of cement in the factory ______ by about 10%.

  A. will have risen B. has risen

  C. will be rising D. has been rising

  6. I'd rather read than watch television; the programs seem ______ all the time.

  A. to get worse B. to be getting worse

  C. to have got worse D. getting worse

  7. ______ seeing the damage he had done, the child felt frightened.

  A. By B. On

  C. At D. For

  8. By the time the war ______, most of the people had already left.

  A. broke out B. broke up

  C. intervened D. happen

  9.He studied hard at school when he was young,______contributes to his success in later life.

  A.which B.that

  C.what D.each of which

  10. A judge must be ______ when weighing evidence.

  A.disinterested B.interested

  C.separated D.disconnected

  11. She ______ and fell from the top of the stairs to the bottom.

  A.slipped B.sloped

  C.split D.spilt

  12. I could have done better if I ______ more time.

  A.have had B.had

  C.had had D.will have had

  13.Wood does not conduct electricity, ______.

  A.nor rubber does B.nor does rubber

  C.also doesn’t rubber D.so doesn’t rubber

  14.Not always ______ they want.

  A.people can do what B.people cannot do what

  C.can people do what D.can’t people do what

  15.I didn’t go to the party, but I do wish I ______ there.

  A.were B.would be

  C.had been D.will be

  16.He was______ enough to understand my question from the gestures I made.

  A.intelligent B.efficient

  C.proficient D.diligent

  17.Neither of the young men who had applied for the position in the university ______.

  A.has been accepted B.have been accepted

  C.was accepted D.were accepted

  1 8.Until then, his family ______ from him for six months.

  A.didn’t hear B.hasn’t been hearing

  C.hasn’t heard D.hadn’t heard

  19.If she doesn’t tell him the truth now, he’ll simply keep on asking her until she ______.

  A.does B.has done

  C.will do D.would do

  20.Tony is very disappointed ______ the results of the exam.

  A.for B.to

  C.with D.toward

  II.阅读理解。认真阅读下面两篇短文,每篇短文后有5个问题,根据短文的内容从A、B、 C、D四个选项中选择一个最佳答案,并将所选答案的字母写在答题纸相应的位置上。

  (本大题共10小题,每小题2分,共20分)

  Passage One

  Have you ever dreamed of visiting a planet in the Milk Way? While the trip sounds exciting, it would take years and years to reach your destination. So in the future, bedtime for astronauts may be more than a few hours of regular shut-eye. They would have to sleep for years.

  European researchers are now conducting hibernation experiments. The study may help them understand whether humans could ever sleep through the years it would take for a space flight to distant planets. “If there was an effective technology, it could make deep-space travel a reality,” said Mark Ayre of the European Space Agency last month.

  What seems like science fiction is not completely unlikely. Researchers have been able to use chemicals to put living cells into a sleep-like state where they don't age. They have now moved on to small, non-hibernating mammals like rats. The results will be out by the end of 2009.

  A major challenge is the fact that cells can be very simple systems, whereas body organs are far more complex.

  "It's like moving from a simple Apple computer to a supercomputer," said Marco Biggiogera, a hibernation researcher at Italy's University of Pavia.

  Just like bears and frogs, the hibernation of human beings would cause a person's metabolism (新陈代谢) to lower so they would need less energy.

  Medical research, however, is just half of a space flight hibernation system.

  There is the challenge of designing a suitable protective shelter. Such a shelter would provide the proper environment for hibernation, such as the proper temperature. It would also have to monitor (监控) life functions and serve the physiological needs of the hibernator.

  According to Ayre, the six-person Human Outer Planets Exploration Mission to Jupiter's moon (木星的卫星) Callisto, could be an opportunity to use human hibernation. The mission aims to send six humans on a five-year flight to Callisto, where they will spend 30 days, in 2045.

  21. European researchers are conducting hibernation experiments to ______.

  A. ensure astronauts to get a complete sleep

  B. find the secret of some creatures

  C. make preparations for the journey to Jupiter's moon Callisto

  D. know if man can sleep for years

  22.The sentence “What seems like science fiction is not completely unlikely” means ______.

  A.Science fiction is people’s imagination.

  B.Science fiction is imaginative,but it can be realized.

  C.Things seem impossible may come true.

  D.Things described in science fiction are sure to become true.

  23.The passage implies but doesn’t states that ______.

  A.putting living cells into a sleep-like state is full of failure

  B.Biggiogera is not confident enough with the experiment

  C.human’s hibernmation needs no energy

  D.medical research is the key to space flight hibernation system

  24.By designing a suitable protective shelter,astronauts can______.

  A.have a good hibernation

  B.1essen the pressure of traveling in space

  C.feed themselves in spaceship

  D.monitor their body changes

  25.What’s the best title for the passage?

  A.Six humans to fly to Callisto

  B.Human hibernation improves health

  C.Space travel attracts people

  D.Deep sleep for deep space travel

  Passage Two

  Maggie was very glad that James was not a frequent visitor to the house.So far as the children were concerned,they had a mystery about him that stirred their imagination.He stirred Maggie’s anger,however,So that she often said to her husband,“It’s mercy that brother of yours doesn’t come oftener.’’

  In fact James came once a year,unexpectedly,around eight o’clock in the evening,and he stayed for six hours of close discussion with his brother.His arrival was a signal to the children that their bedtime would be delayed.Not that he ever spoke to them or played with them.He took no notice of them,as if he was unable to see children,at least until the time came for him to go.Instead,after his first greeting and a careless kiss, James took no notice of Maggie either, except to add, "You'll be getting on with the supper, Maggie." Such was his regard for her.

  Maggie paid him back in her own way. She kept the children up, the four of them, to keep her company, she said, but of course they sang and made a noise and broke the endless sound of James' voice. Very late, they dropped off to sleep in their chairs. Then, when James was about to go, Maggie woke them up and so more or less forced him to part with four shillings before he left. That gave her some satisfaction, for James, though rich, was mean. He always went home by the last train, just after two o'clock.

  Maggie's children secretly stared at their uncle. They could not forget that he had, in their mother's words, " lost two wives and taken a third, "They wondered about those two unfortunate lost ladies. They asked each other what their fate had been, and if neither could ever be found again. James never brought his third wife with him nor ever mentioned her. The children decided that he must be so frightened of losing her that he never allowed her outside the door.

  26. The underlined word "mercy" in the text most probably means ______.

  A. loss B. wonder

  C. lucky thing D. terrible thing

  27. Maggie never prepared anything special for James because ______.

  A. he was a man difficult to please

  B. she never knew when he was coming

  C. she was too busy looking after her children

  D. he never stayed long enough for a meal

  28.. What do we know about James' behavior?

  A. He was a kind man, with love for the family.

  B. He was generous, especially towards his brother.

  C. He was anxious to please the family, especially the kids.

  D. He was rude to his sister-in-law.

  29. Maggie felt pleased when ______.

  A. she paid James the money that she owed him

  B. James gave some money to the children

  C. she had to wake James up to catch his train

  D. James thanked her for the nice supper

  30. The children did not realize that two of James' wives ______.

  A. had been dead B. suffered from loss of memory

  C. had run away from him D. might appear again one day

 

  III.标音。用国际音标标出下列单词中划线字母或字母组合的读音,并将答案写在答题

  纸相应的位置上。(本大题共20小题,每小题0.5分,共10分)(注意:使用新式或老式音标均可)

  31. easy 32. kiss

  33. something 34. matter

  35. room 36. marsh

  37. custom 38. j udge

  39. mountain 40. toil

  41. tear 42. various

  43. yesterday 44. willing

  45. mute 46. define.

  47. kitchen 48. certain

  49. train 50.seeds

 

  IV.完形填空。将答案写在答题纸相应的位置上。(本大题共20小题,每小题0.5分,共10分)

  A.从下列单词中选择恰当的词填空,每个词只能用一次。

  during frequently half cross manage

  whether partial hardly more off

  People traveling long distances 51 have to decide 52 they would prefer to go by land, sea, or air. 53 anyone can positively enjoy sitting in a train for 54 than a few hours. Train compartments soon get cramped and stuffy. It is almost impossible to take your mind

  55 the journey. Reading is only a 56 solution, for the monotonous rhythm of the wheels clicking on the rails soon lulls you to sleep. 57 the day, sleep comes in snatches. At night, when you really wish to go to sleep, you rarely 58 to do so. If you are lucky enough to get a couchette, you spend 59 the night staring at the small blue light in the ceiling, or fumbling to find your passport when you 60 a frontier. Inevitably, you arrive at your destination almost exhausted.

  B.根据课文的内容在每个空白处填入一个恰当的词。

  From 61 on, I was committed to shedding the 62 and getting into 63 . I started a rigorous program of running and 64 the very next day. Within months, I 65 a gym and managed to make some friends who are still my workout buddies. 66 , in the past seven years, I've done more than lose weight; I've reshaped my 67 , my lifestyle, and my self-image. Now, I read everything I can about 68 and health. I'm even considering becoming an aerobics instructor. I cook 69 foods----chicken, fish, lean meats, vegetables and I serve my family healthy, protein-rich meals prepared with dietetic 70 .

  V.根据所学课文内容完成下列句子。将答案写在答题纸相应的位置上。(本大题共10 小题,每小题2分,共20分)

  71. The author of the time message wants to tell us time _____________.

  72. According to Happiness, happiness is not an end, it is _____________.

  73. Henry Ground decided in his will the one _____________.

  74. The black writer didn't help the white woman with two children to get out of the train

  because _____________.

  75. The professor asked the author to observe the fish for three days without any instruction with the purpose to _____________.

  76. In The Trashman, by quoting the sentence "Neither its Pipes nor its theories will hold water", the author wants to emphasize that _____________.

  77. In The Story of an Hour, Louise Mallard finally died because of _____________.

  78. Mr. Budd helped the police arrest the criminal by _____________.

  79. To other Europeans, the best known quality of the British, and in particular of the English, is _____________.

  80. In Thank You, Ma'am, the woman not only gave the boy money to buy a pair of shoes but also

  gave _____________.

 

  VI.句子翻译。将下列句子译成英语,译文写在答题纸相应的位置上。(本大题共10小题,每小题2分,共20分)

  81.我们读书时遇到新词,就要查字典。

  82.他不知道下一步该学什么。

  83.这件外套可以使你暖和。

  84.在那个村庄现在还有人买不起电视机。

  85.他一生中第一次对老板说了“不”。

  86.孩子们让我把故事又讲了一遍。

  87.我真不喜欢看到年轻人在马路上闲逛。

  88.他现在听觉不好, 不再去剧院看戏了。

  89.他在成功之前经历了许许多多的困难。

  90.绝望中,他很有可能会放弃。

相关文章

陕西自考便捷服务

陕西自考招生简章