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全国2010年4月自考《综合英语(一)》试题
发布日期:2012-10-05 13:55 来源: 阅读: 【字体:

 

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  本试卷共9页,满分100分,考试时间150分钟。

  I.用适当语法形式或词汇填空。从A、B、C和D四个选项中选出一个最佳答案,并填入答题纸相应位置。(本大题共30小题,每小题1分,共30分)

  1. When I arrived at the hospital, he in the emergency room.

  A. was being treated B. was treated

  C. had been treating D. had been being treated

  2. They have just bought a new villa sitting room, you can see a huge garden.

  A. from the B. whose

  C. from whose D. with a

  3. After he regained consciousness, he seemed about the car crash.

  A. to forget completely B. to have completely forgotten

  C. forgetting completely D. having completely forgotten

  4. The father thought it worthwhile to invest in their daughter’s education the mother considered it a waste of money.

  A. however B. yet

  C. if D. while

  5. I don’t think complaining can solve the problem, ?

  A. can it B. can’t it

  C. do I D. don’t I

  6. any foreign language and having no special skills, he finds it hard to get a job in this very competitive world.

  A. Knowing not B. Knowing no

  C. Not knowing D. Having known no

  7. Up to now, he has taken part in five English contests, in he was the winner.

  A. every one B. each one

  C. every of which D. each of which

 

  8. At no time of giving up and accepting the unfair treatment.

  A. did she ever think B. she ever thought

  C. did she think ever D. she thought ever

  9. You should discuss your idea with your classmates because just it to someone else helps you sort it out for yourself.

  A. have to explain B. having to explain

  C. have explained D. having explained

  10. It’s hard to notice whether a painting has been turned upside down _______it is an abstract modern painting.

  A. when B. though

  C. unless D. for

  11. Swimmers are required__________ or make loud noises when they are in the swimming pool.

  A. to not dive B. to dive

  C. not to dive D. not diving

  12. Mother is cooking something in the kitchen. From that familiar smell, I know it ___________be roast beef.

  A. might B. can

  C. could D. must

  13. You can't go to Australia this afternoon you don't mind a stopover in Singapore.

  A. if B. unless

  C. because D. until

  14. _______ to land on the island several times, the pilot sent a radio message to the headquarters to ask for help.

  A. Having failed B. Failing

  C. Had failed D. Failed

  15. Nothing satisfies his curiosity _______ reading a detective story by that famous writer.

  A. much more B. as much as

  C. more than D. most than

  16. That his aunt Ada could ever have been considered pretty seemed _________ belief.

  A. off B. beyond

  C. out of D. without

  17. The name began with a B, though he couldn’t ___________ exactly what the name was.

  A. make of B. make sense

  C. make up D. make out

  18. He was _______________ of a veiled curiosity in the taxi driver’s eyes.

  A. conscientious B. conspicuous

  C. conscious D. capable

  19. When marriages _________, we have to put the interests of the children first.

  A. break down B. break up

  C. break off D. break out

  20. They are hoping this next round of talks will ________ a settlement of the pay dispute.

  A. bring forth B. bring about

  C. bring up D. bring out

  21. The car wouldn’t start, so we _____________ having to walk to the concert hall.

  A. resulted in B. finished with

  C. ended with D. ended up

  22. The woman decided to get her lawyer to ______________ a new will for her.

  A. draw B. draw on

  C. draw up D. draw out

  23. Something must be done to prevent some students from dropping out of schools simply _____________ lack of money.

  A. because B. because of

  C. as D. as of

  24. No matter how experienced you are, you are to occasionally come across problems that you’ve never anticipated.

  A. about B. certainly

  C. possibly D. bound

  25. He died of pneumonia in prison six months after he began to ___________ his sentence.

  A. serve B. act

  C. make D. do

  26. The members of the family were disturbed ____________ relieved by the news you brought them.

  A. less than B. other than

  C. rather than D. more than

  27. She didn’t really want to train for the stage or to take up the profession seriously. She just wanted to show she could be .

  A. on herself B. like herself

  C. act herself D. on her own

  28. Fred doesn’t like white coffee, nor does he like to put cream on his strawberries, because he prefers them______________.

  A. normal B. ordinary

  C. plain D. simple

  29. The blind musician ran the ________ of his fingers over the piano before he began to play.

  A. points B. tips

  C. ends D. edges

  30. Our guess, that the managers would react _________ to our decision, turned out to be wrong.

  A. utterly B. strongly

  C. extremely D. actually

  Ⅱ.认真阅读下面两篇短文,每篇短文后有五个问题。根据短文的内容从四个选项中选择一个最佳答案,并填入答题纸相应位置。(本大题共10小题,每小题1分,共10分)

  Passage 1

  The train passed through a station and then it began suddenly to slow down, presumably in obedience to a signal. For some minutes it crawled along, then stopped; presently it began to move forward again. Another up-train passed then, though with less power than the first one. The train gathered speed again. At that moment another train, also on a down-line, turned inwards towards them, for a moment with almost alarming effect. For a time the two trains ran parallel, now one gaining a little, now the other. Mrs. McGill looked from her window through the windows of the parallel carriages. Most of the blinds were down, but occasionally the occupants of the carriages were visible. The other train was not very full and there were many empty carriages.

  At the moment when the two trains gave the illusion of being stationary, a blind in one of the carriages flew up with a snap. Mrs. McGill looked into the lighted first-class carriage that was only a few feet away.

  Then she drew her breath in, watching. Standing with his back to the window and to her was a man. His hands were round the throat of a woman who faced him, and he was slowly strangling her. Her eyes were staring from their sockets and her face was purple. As Mrs. McGill watched, fascinated, the end came; the body went limp and fell in the man’s hands.

  At the same moment, Mrs. McGill’s train slowed down again and the other began to gain speed. It passed forward and a moment or two later it had vanished from sight. Almost automatically Mrs. McGill's hands went up to the communication cord and then paused. After all, what use would it be ringing the cord of the train in which she was traveling? The horror of what she had seen at such a close distance, and the unusual circumstances, made her feel numb. Some immediate action was necessary—but what?

  The door of her compartment was drawn back and a ticket collector said, “Ticket, please.”

  31. After Mrs. McGill's train passed through a station, it ____________.

  A. gained speed suddenly B. kept its usual speed

  C. changed its speed D. stopped immediately

  32. Mrs. McGill seemed to be a (an)_____________person.

  A. observant B. interesting

  C. nosy D. nervous

  33. What she saw in the parallel train made her feel___________.

  A. excited B. anxious

  C. worried D. horrified

  34. She didn’t ring the communication cord immediately because___________.

  A. she was very much afraid B. there was no point of doing so

  C. she was too shocked to move D. the ticket collector came in

  35. The best title for this story could be___________.

  A. Mrs. McGill, a Traveler B. Mrs. McGill, a Coward

  C. Mrs. McGill, a Witness D. Mrs. McGill, a Murderer

  Passage 2

  Scientists are racing to build the world’s first thinking robot. This is not science fiction: some say they will have made it by the year 2020.

  Machines that walk, speak and feel are no longer science fiction. Kismet is the name of an android (机器人) which scientists have built at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

  Kismet is different from the traditional robot because it can show human emotions. Its eyes, ears and lips move to show when it feels happy, sad or bored. Kismet is one of the first of a new generation of androids—robots that look like human beings—which can imitate human feelings. Cog, another android invented by the MIT, imitates the action of a mother. However, scientists admit that so far Cog has the mental ability of a two-year-old.

  The optimists say that by the year 2020 we will have created humanoids (机器人) with brains similar to those of an adult human being. These robots will be designed to look like people to make them more attractive and easier to sell to the public. What kind of jobs will they do? In the future, robots like Robonaut, a humanoid invented by NASA, will be doing dangerous jobs, like repairing space stations. They will also be doing more and more of the household work for us. In Japan, scientists are designing androids that will entertain us by dancing and playing the piano.

  Some people worry about what the future holds: will robots become monsters ? Will people themselves become increasingly like robots? Experts predict that more and more people will be wearing micro-computers, connected to the internet,in the future. People will have micro-chips in various parts of their body, which will connect them to a wide variety of devices. Perhaps we should not exaggerate the importance of technology, but one wonders whether, in years to come, we will still be falling in love, and whether we will still feel pain. Who knows?

  36. Kismet is different from traditional robots because it ________________.

  A. can think for itself B. has eyes, ears and lips

  C. can look after two-year-olds D. can express human feelings

  37. A common feature of the new generation of robots mentioned in the passage is that they _______.

  A. can act like a mother B. have the mental ability of a two-year-old

  C. look and act like human beings D. can do entertaining work

  38. Which of the following statements is NOT true according to the passage?

  A. It’s possible to plant micro-chips in human bodies.

  B. Human beings will do less household work because of robots.

  C. No one is completely sure what technology will do for us in the future.

  D. Robots with human brains will surely be created by 2020.

  39. According to the passage, future robots will be designed to do all the following except .

  A. working in the space B. falling in love

  C. entertaining people D. thinking like a human being

  40. What is the writer’s attitude to robots in the future?

  A. Critical. B. Hostile.

  C. Objective. D. Enthusiastic.

  Ⅲ.用国际音标标出下列单词中划线字母或字母组合的读音。(本大题共20小题,每两小题1分,共10分)(注意:使用新式或老式音标均可)

  41. awkward 42. tragedy

  43. sympathy 44. alphabetical

  45. appearance 46. authority

  47. breathless 48. banquet

  49. approach 50. disaster

  51. nutrition 52. confession

  53. surrounding 54. intelligence

  55. Germany 56. excitable

  57. loyalty 58. withdrawal

  59. acquaintance 60. enduring

  Ⅳ.完形填空。(本大题共20小题,每两小题1分,共10分)

  A.从下列单词中选择适当的词填空,每个词只能用一次。

  form on without popular

  even most who it

  much no by and

  Cars are an important part of life in the United States. Without a car 61 people feel that they are poor. And 62 if a person is poor he doesn’t feel really poor when he has a car. Henry Ford was the man 63 first started making cars in large numbers. He probably didn’t know how 64 the car was going to affect American culture. The car made the United States a nation 65 wheels. And it helped to make the United States what 66 is today. There are three main reasons why the car became so 67 in the United States. First of all, the country is a huge one 68 Americans like to move around in it. The car provides the most comfortable and cheapest 69 of transportation. With a car people can go anywhere 70 spending a lot of money.

  B.根据课文的内容在每个空白处填入一个恰当的词。

  There was something coming to her and she was waiting for it with 71. What was it? She did not know. It was too 72 to name. But she felt it creeping 73 of the sky. It was reaching her 74 the sound, the smell, the color that 75 the air. Slowly she became excited. Her breath came 76 ; her heart beat faster. She was beginning to recognize the thing 77 was approaching to take her. She tried to beat it back with her will, but 78. Her mind was as weak 79 her two small white hands. When she stopped fighting 80 it, a little word broke from her lips.

  Ⅴ.根据所学课文内容完成下列句子。(本大题共10小题,每小题2分,共20分)

  81. Anderson’s fairytales are loved by children and adults because___________.

  82. Sidney Poitier learned from an old Jewish man _________.

  83. Agent X finally succeeded in winning Pappy’s trust by _________.

  84. The secret to happiness lies in __________.

  85. The druggist asked Sangstrom to write a confession of his former intention in order to_________________.

  86. According to Dr. Heinrich Applebaum, the greatest danger of television is not violence, but___________.

  87. Bob Sugg read only certain parts of the papers he sold and his favorite part was .

  88. Mr. Budd knew the man was the wanted murderer when he saw .

  89. In learning to control time, you must become___________.

  90.____________that Christy Brown drew on the slate was like the road to a new world.

  Ⅵ.将下列句子译成英语。(本大题共10小题,每小题2分,共20分)

  91. 使用电子邮件与人交流十分方便。

  92. 他们成天无所事事,而我们却在拼命工作。

  93. 老实说,我丈夫不喜欢我的浓妆。

  94. 就是这个挑战吸引着约100位冬泳爱好者来参加这次比赛。

  95. 那天早上的雾那么大,司机们都只好打开头灯缓慢行驶。

  96. 当了十多年教师之后,他发现自己深深依恋这个职业。

  97. 他不到三分钟就把这道题算出来了,这真让人吃惊。

  98. 一场大水灾把那座村庄完全毁了。

  99. 任何情况下我们都不该做这些事。

  100. 我若还年轻就会作出完全不同的选择。

 

 

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